Cytomegalovirus infection monitored by quantitative real-time PCR in critically ill patients
1 Teaching Military Sainte Anne Hospital, Department of Intensive Care and Anesthesiology, BP20545, 83041 Toulon Cedex 9, France
2 Burn Center, Sainte Anne Hospital, BP20545, 83041 Toulon Cedex 9, France
3 Laboratory of Biology, Sainte Anne Hospital, BP20545, 83041 Toulon Cedex 9, France
Critical Care 2011, 15:412 doi:10.1186/cc10066Published: 18 March 2011
First paragraph (this article has no abstract)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation has been widely documented in the past 10 years in critically ill patients . Conversely, few data are available on burn patients despite experimental studies showing that these patients are predisposed to herpes virus infections . To our knowledge, only two studies reported the incidence of CMV infection in burn patients using a modern technique, such as PCR, which has become the gold standard [3,4]. These two studies demonstrated a high rate of CMV reactivation, 55% and 71%, respectively. Moreover, CMV reactivation in burn patients has been proven to be intense. Indeed, in the study of Bordes and colleagues , 67% of patients who reactivated CMV experienced viremia greater than 1,000 copies/ml, and 33% viremia greater than 10,000 copies/ml. These results may reflect the severe immunosuppression that characterizes thermally injured patients. Consequently, severe burn patients could be considered as a model for CMV reactivation in critically ill patients. However, the precise kinetics of CMV DNA load in these patients is still poorly documented. That is why we would like to briefly present data from longitudinal monitoring of CMV infection by real-time PCR (RT-PCR) in four severe burn patients during their ICU stay (Figure 1).