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Highly Accessed Review

Clinical review: The hospital of the future - building intelligent environments to facilitate safe and effective acute care delivery

Brian W Pickering12*, John M Litell24, Vitaly Herasevich12 and Ognjen Gajic23

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

2 Multidisciplinary Epidemiology and Translational Research in Intensive Care, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

3 Department of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

4 Critical Care Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

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Critical Care 2012, 16:220  doi:10.1186/cc11142

Published: 26 April 2012

Abstract

The translation of knowledge into rational care is as essential and pressing a task as the development of new diagnostic or therapeutic devices, and is arguably more important. The emerging science of health care delivery has identified the central role of human factor ergonomics in the prevention of medical error, omission, and waste. Novel informatics and systems engineering strategies provide an excellent opportunity to improve the design of acute care delivery. In this article, future hospitals are envisioned as organizations built around smart environments that facilitate consistent delivery of effective, equitable, and error-free care focused on patient-centered rather than provider-centered outcomes.