Moderate glucose control results in less negative nitrogen balances in medical intensive care unit patients: a randomized, controlled study
1 Intensive Care Unit, Department of Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, 386 Ta-Chung 1st Road, Kaohsiung City 813, Taiwan
2 Medicine Department, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 155 Sec. 2 Linong street, Taipei City 112, Taiwan
3 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, 386 Ta-Chung 1st Road, Kaohsiung City 813, Taiwan
4 Department of Food and Nutrition, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 201 Sec. 2 Shipai Road, Beitou District, Taipei City 112, Taiwan
5 Institute of Statistics, National University of Kaohsiung, 700 Kaohsiung University Road, Nanzih District, Kaohsiung City 811, Taiwan
Critical Care 2012, 16:R56 doi:10.1186/cc11299Published: 5 April 2012
Hyperglycemia and protein loss are common in critically ill patients. Insulin can be used to lower blood glucose and inhibit proteolysis. The impact of moderate insulin therapy on protein metabolism in critically ill patients has not been evaluated. We compared urinary nitrogen excretion, nitrogen balance, serum albumin concentrations, prealbumin concentrations, and clinical outcomes between patients receiving moderate insulin therapy (MIT) and conventional insulin therapy (CIT) in a medical ICU.
Patients were randomly divided into groups and treated with MIT (glucose target 120 to 140 mg/dl) or CIT (glucose target 180 to 200 mg/dl). Calories and protein intake were recorded each day. On days 3, 7 and 14, the 24-hour urinary nitrogen excretion, nitrogen balance, and serum albumin and prealbumin concentrations were measured. Clinical outcomes data were collected.
A total of 112 medical ICU patients were included, with 55 patients randomized to the MIT group and 57 patients randomized to the CIT group. Patients treated with MIT showed a trend towards increased nitrogen balance (P = 0.070), significantly lower urinary nitrogen excretion (P = 0.027), and higher serum albumin (P = 0.047) and prealbumin (P = 0.001) concentrations than patients treated with CIT. The differences between the two groups were most significant on day 3, when all factors showed significant differences (P < 0.05).
Moderate glucose control results in less negative nitrogen balances in medical ICU patients. Differences are more significant in the early stages compared with the late stages of critical illness.
ClinicalTrial.Gov NCT 01227148