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Highly Accessed Review

Year in review 2011: Critical Care - Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and trauma

Scott A Goldberg*, Jeffery C Metzger and Paul E Pepe

Author Affiliations

Emergency Medicine Administration, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, MC 8579, Dallas, TX 75390-8579, USA

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Critical Care 2012, 16:247  doi:10.1186/cc11832

Published: 10 December 2012

Abstract

In 2011, numerous studies were published in Critical Care focusing on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, trauma, and some related airway, respiratory, and response time factors. In this review, we summarize several of these studies, including those that brought forth advances in therapies for the post-resuscitative period. These advances involved hypothesis-generating concepts in therapeutic hypothermia as well as the impact of early percutaneous coronary artery interventions and the potential utility of extracorporeal life support after cardiac arrest. There were also articles pertaining to the importance of timing in prehospital airway management, the outcome impact of hyperoxia, and the timing of end-tidal carbon dioxide measurements to predict futility in cardiac arrest resuscitation. In other articles, additional perspectives were provided on the classic correlations between emergency medical service response intervals and outcomes.