Statistics review 11: Assessing risk
1 Senior Lecturer, School of Computing, Mathematical and Information Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton, UK
2 Senior Registrar in ICU, Liverpool Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Critical Care 2004, 8:287-291 doi:10.1186/cc2908Published: 30 June 2004
Relative risk and odds ratio have been introduced in earlier reviews (see Statistics reviews 3, 6 and 8). This review describes the calculation and interpretation of their confidence intervals. The different circumstances in which the use of either the relative risk or odds ratio is appropriate and their relative merits are discussed. A method of measuring the impact of exposure to a risk factor is introduced. Measures of the success of a treatment using data from clinical trials are also considered.