Table 4

Species found at different locations

Location

Control group

Lactobacillus plantarum 299v group


Blood

Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, 3

None

Enterococcus faecalis, 1

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1

Catheter tips

Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, 3

Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, 3

Enterococcus faecium, 1

Morganella morgani, 1

Enterobacter cloacae, 1

Enterococcus faecalis, 2 (1 scarce)

Tracheal secretions

Klebsiella pneumoniae, 3

Escherichia coli, 2

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1

Morganella morgani, 1

Enterococcus faecalis, 2

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1

Enterococcus faecium, 1

Enterobacter cloacae, 1

Candida albicans (scarce), 1

Candida kefyr, 1

Urine

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1

Candida albicans (scarce), 2

Enterococcus faecalis, 1

Candida tropicalis (samples from one patient, same day but separated in time), 2


Main differences between the treatment and control groups are, besides no positive blood cultures, the more abundant findings of fungi. The growth of fungi in the treatment group (urine and tracheal secretions) might be due to less bacteria giving better conditions for the culturing of fungi.

Klarin et al. Critical Care 2005 9:R285-R293   doi:10.1186/cc3522

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